The Pulsed Electromagnetic Tool is a non-destructive corrosion logging tool which was designed to measure the individual wall thickness of concentric pipes in a single run. The latest generation of this tool provides quantitative wall thickness measurement for up to 4-5 barriers.
- Measures individual wall thickness of concentric pipes in a single run.
- No special well preparation requirement prior to logging e.g., scraper etc.
- Survey can be conducted in the presence of any type of fluid oil, water, gas.
- The presence or absence of cement behind pipes will not affect data quality.
- The unique design of sondes allows each coil to function as generating and receiving modes. This helps minimize tool length thus facilitating ease of operation in the field.
- The tool also incorporates Gamma ray, Temperature and Pressure sensors, therefore capturing additional information in a single run.
- The presence of multidirectional sondes can identify the type of defect, especially in the first barrier.
The advantages listed above make this tool the most cost-effective corrosion evaluation tool in the market.
The tool’s high resolution and sensitivity are achieved through a large dataset acquired from the electromagnetic sondes. Data processing done with proprietary software and metal loss calculation is based on the best match between real decay and calibrated decay. A huge calibration library is incorporated into the software and minimizes error in the metal loss calculation.
EMDs logging offers a cost-effective solution to determine the integrity status of the pipes without the requirement to pull the completion string. However, the logging interval is severely limited by the pump setting depth, beyond which no logging can be conducted. This leaves a significant part of the well unlogged and the condition of the pipe unknown. There are situations where the target depth for the corrosion logging cannot be achieved due to the pump setting depth. In these situations, the well will be moved from a planned standalone activity to a Hoist intervention. When the well activity is moved from a purely logging program to a workover intervention often a pressure test of the casing is viewed as sufficient confirmation of the well integrity. However, to conduct the pressure test a packer will be required to be set to test the casing. It may require several re-sets to get a good test due to corroded pipe. If the EMDs corrosion log had been run initially it would have provided the client with a detailed picture of the well integrity and the data could be used to identify a safe depth at which the packer could be set. This would enable the client to optimize subsequent operations, improving efficiency and resulting in time and cost savings.
Corrosion Logging Result
One example when corrosion logging was done under Hoist operations is shown below:
The well is a horizontal oil producer drilled in 1995. After drilling the well was completed with a 13 3/8” conductor, 9 5/8” surface casing and a 7” intermediate liner. 4.5” wire wrapped screens (WWS) were installed across horizontal the open hole section from 1034 -1599 m. A 4.5” beam pump (BP) completion string was run.
In October 2008 the well was worked over and a 7” scab liner was run from surface to the top of the 7” intermediate liner. No pressure test on the 9 5/8” casing was done.
In 2023 a Hoist attended the well to replace the failed pump. The completion string was pulled and a scraper was run in hole to clean out the internal wall of the 7” scab liner and original liner before the pressure test. The scraper held up at a depth of 1000 m due to a wellbore restriction. After several attempts the scraper was pulled to surface. Attempts to mill out the obstruction also failed. A decision was taken to pressure test the 7” scab liner and liner with a retrievable bridge plug (RBP) set above the obstruction. The RBP was run in hole to 900 m. The Hoist was unable to conduct a pressure test because several attempts to set the packer at different depths in the interval of 800-900 m failed. An EMDs logging tool was run in hole to a target depth of 800 m to avoid getting the tool stuck.
The EMDs data indicated the presence of severe metal loss in the 13 3/8” conductor. There was an extended interval of severe corrosion in the 9 5/8” casing below the bottom of the conductor. Maximum metal loss was almost 50%. In addition, an extended interval of severe corrosion was detected in the 7” liner from the bottom of the logging interval at 805 m to the 7” liner hanger at 675 m. Maximum metal loss was identified at the bottom of the logging interval which was almost 100%. Furthermore, the EMDs tool captured severe metal loss in the lower part of the 7” scab liner with maximum metal loss of 70%. It appeared that corrosion from the liner had migrated upwards to the scab liner. Taking into consideration the EMDs data, there is high possibility that the scraper run hold up and unsuccessful milling occurred due to a collapse in the highly corroded 7” liner.
The example above shows that real time corrosion logging during critical operations such as a workover can provide integrity data of the well. This allows the workover program to be adjusted and eliminate unnecessary attempts to set a packer and will result in reduced Hoist operational time and ultimately saving significant costs.
More case studies
Workover Optimization by Corrosion Logging
EMDs logging offers a cost-effective solution to determine the integrity status of the pipes without the requirement to pull the completion string.
Combination of PLT and Acoustic Logging
A PLT is a common logging tool which provides flow profile inside the wellbore only. This type of tool cannot provide the formation flow profiles as well as crossflow above-between-below perforated intervals.
Temperature Monitoring in Steam Injectors
Integrity issues in steam injection wells can have unforeseen impact on adjacent production wells.
EMDs and MFC Combination 1
From previous case studies it is evident that in artificially lifted wells with either a bean pump (BP) or a progressive cavity pump (PCP) wear areas and associated corrosion are visible.
Efficiency of Stimulation
Insufficient sweep efficiency can lead to inadequate pressure support to neighboring wells.
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